Archive for December, 2012

Rural Development has assumed global attention , especially among the developing nations. A country like India where 70% of the people live in the rural areas have great significance. Several schemes were formulated after the independence. Of these, The Grow More Food Campaign (1949), Growth Centre Based Development, Rural Industries Project, Small Farmer Development Agency, Integrated Rural Development Programme are worth mentioning. Now, Govt. has started Centre of Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG), for the transfer of technology to rural areas with the help of NGOs. It is going on in Chennai, Guwahati, Kharagpur. As a result of these programmes there has indeed been development in the rural areas but considering the time lapse the progress has been rather insignificant.

The application of geology in the rural areas has not been fully realized. Regions like Bundelkhand and Purvanchal, where former faces frequent droughts and later recurrent floods, found to have abundant mineral resources which may create so many non farm activities to the people living in these areas that they will become less vulnerable to floods and droughts.  The geology of soil and water management can make them more secure. The soil can have staying qualities by the judicious use of mineral nutrients whereas the proper management of water will go a long way in controlling hazards of floods and drought. The application of geological knowledge can minimize even the disastrous effects of earthquakes, landslides, etc. to which the rural and urban terrains are equally prone.

It is estimated that about 30% by the rural areas are bestowed with minerals. Their minor deposits can be worked out with only simple machinery and small investments. They may give rise to the small scale industries owned by either individual or corporate bodies. these will decidedly help improve the standard of living of the rural masses.

Thus, a concerted, coordinated efforts from geologist  are required in proper management of the resources , which will enable us to lead our villages on the road of progress and prosperity. It is high time that during the formulization of policies aimed at rural development , the vital role of geology must be emphasized.

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